The board of any organization is to add value with job outputs that are specific to the role of the board and for which the board holds itself accountable.
- Articulating clearly what the organization is to accomplish for its membership or other moral-ownership—more than what is keeping the organization busy but what will make a difference in the world because the organization does what it says it should.
- Develop accountability as an organizational characteristic and providing assurance that the expected results were produced and unacceptable situations and circumstances were avoided, and the cost was worth the result.
- As the board understands its trustee function, it develops a strategy of linkage to and understanding of the membership or "moral ownership" to act on its behalf.
These job outputs are the unique contribution of a board of directors that no other person or group can accomplish. It is further the board’s responsibility, once these job outputs are understood, to hold itself accountable for their work. It is through this that the board can accomplish its duty of care, duty of loyalty and duty of obedience.