- African Americans constituted 53.5 percent of all persons who entered prison because of a drug conviction (Human Rights Watch, Targeting Blacks, based on National Corrections Reporting Program data).
- Blacks were 10.1 times more likely than whites to enter prison for drug offenses (ibid.).
- Of 7,722 hate-crime incidents reported to the FBI in 2006, 2,640 were anti-black (FBI Uniform Crime Report).
- Of 25- to 29-year-olds, 92.9 percent of whites completed high school, compared to 86.9 percent of blacks, and only 61.8 percent of Hispanics. In the same age group, 68.2 of whites completed 1 or more years of college, compared to 53.7 percent of blacks and 53.9 percent of Hispanics. Finally, 35.2 percent of whites completed 4 or more years of college, compared to 16.4 percent of blacks and 17.8 percent of Hispanics (U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 1997).
- Whites dropped out of grades 10 to 12 in 1997 at a rate of 3.6 percent, compared to 5 percent for blacks and 9.5 percent for Hispanics. Among whites, 7.6 percent aged 16 to 24 were dropouts in 1997, compared to 13.4 percent of blacks and 25.3 percent of Hispanics. (U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Current Population Survey, 1997).
- Blacks and Hispanics remained approximately 3 times as likely to be poor as whites in 2001 ( Kenneth Finegold, Laura Wherry, "Race, Ethnicity, and Economic Well-Being") .
- 44 percent of Hispanics experienced food hardship in 2002, compared with 38 percent of blacks and 17 percent of whites (ibid.).
- In 2002, 24 percent of blacks, 20 percent of Hispanics, and 10 percent of whites experienced housing hardship (ibid.).
- Black immigrants from regions of the world where their race is the majority report better health than other black Americans. This suggests that racial discrimination can be responsible for declining health (University of California - Irvine. "Study Suggests Racial Discrimination Harms Health." ScienceDaily).