City Vision Students’ Privacy Rights Under FERPA

City Vision University is in compliance with the Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) of 1974, and later laws amending it, such as the Buckley Amendment of 1984.  These laws help protect the privacy of student records. The Act grants students the following four rights: a) the right to inspect and review educational records, b) to seek to amend those records, c) to limit disclosure or information from the records, d) and to file a complaint with the US Department of Education if the preceding three rights have been violated.  

A. Inspection & Review of Records

Official student records are maintained in the Student Records Office; some are also stored electronically in a secure, password-protected online system.  Students and parents of dependent students may request to review official educational records under the following procedure:

1. The student must provide a written request to review the record.  Parents of dependent students must supply evidence of the income tax dependency of the student if the student does not sign a release.  If the parent provides documentation, the academic advisor and/or instructors will be notified.

2. An appointment to review the record will be set with the university’s Academic Dean, within 45 days after the day the university receives a request for access.

B. Requesting Amendment of Records

Students have the right to request amendment of education records that the student believes are inaccurate, misleading, or otherwise in violation of the student’s privacy rights under FERPA.

A student who wishes to ask City Vision University to amend a record should write the Academic Dean, clearly identify the part of the record the student wants changed, and specify why it should be changed.

If City Vision University decides not to amend the record as requested, the Academic Dean at City Vision University will notify the student in writing of the decision and the student’s right to a hearing regarding the request for amendment. Additional information regarding the hearing procedures will be provided to the student when notified of the right to a hearing.

C. Limitation of Disclosure

Students have the right to provide written consent before the university discloses personally identifiable information (PII) from the student’s education records, except to the extent that FERPA authorizes disclosure without con­sent.

City Vision University is permitted under FERPA to disclose education records without a student’s prior written consent to school officials with legitimate educational interests.  A school official is a person employed by the university in an administrative, supervisory, academic, research, or support staff position (including law en­forcement unit personnel and health staff); a person serving on the board of trustees; or a student serving on an official committee, such as a disciplinary or grievance com­mittee.  A school official also may include a volunteer or contractor outside of the university who performs an institutional service of function for which the school would otherwise use its own employees and who is under the direct control of the school with respect to the use and maintenance of PII from education records, such as an attorney, auditor, or collection agent or a student volunteering to assist another school official in performing his or her tasks.  A school official has a legitimate educational interest if the official needs to review an educa­tion record in order to fulfill his or her professional responsibilities for the university.

City Vision University may disclose information to third parties who are not school officials without violating FERPA if the information has been designated as “directory information.”  

Directory information is information contained in a student’s education record that would not generally be considered harmful or an invasion of privacy if disclosed. FERPA requires each institution to define its directory items.

At City Vision University, directory information has been designated to be the following:

  • Student name

  • Verification of enrollment status including full-time, part-time, graduate, undergraduate, and classification.

  • Student major and minor fields of study, academic honors, and degrees.

  • Student address, email addresses and telephone numbers only in connection with campus events and to persons with legitimate reason.

  • Dates of attendance.

  • Participation in campus activities.

  • Most recent education agency or institution attended and hometown.

  • Student photograph.

  • Student’s organizational affiliation (such as a rescue mission or other ministry).

The primary purpose of directory information in the higher education context is to provide enrollment information to employers or other interested parties.

Students have the right to “opt out” of providing directory information.  Requests to limit the release of directory information must be submitted by email to the Student Records Office at by the end of the second week of the semester.  

Before opting out of providing directory information (also known as requesting a “FERPA directory block”), bear in mind that this may make it impossible for employers or other interested parties to verify your dates of attendance at City Vision University. Lending agencies will still be able to confirm your dates of attendance, however.

Note that federal law allows for several additional circumstances under which PII may be disclosed to third parties without the student’s prior written consent. See the full list at the bottom of this page. In all other circumstances, the university must obtain prior written consent before disclosing non-directory information.

D. Filing a Complaint

If a student believes his/her rights under FERPA were violated, he or she may file a complaint with the Family Policy Compliance Office, which administers FERPA, at the following address::

Family Policy Compliance Office
US Department of Education
400 Maryland Avenue, SW
Washington, DC 20202

For further details about your rights under FERPA, please contact the Student Records Office at

List of Disclosures Postsecondary Institutions May Make Without Consent

FERPA permits the disclosure of PII from students’ education records, without consent of the student, if the disclosure meets certain conditions found in §99.31 of the FERPA regulations.  

Except for disclosures to school officials, disclosures related to some judicial orders or lawfully issued subpoenas, disclosures of directory information, and disclosures to the student, §99.32 of FERPA regulations requires the institution to record the disclosure.  Eligible students have a right to inspect and review the record of disclosures.  

City Vision University may disclose PII from the education records without obtaining prior written consent of the student –

  • To other school officials, including teachers, within the university whom the school has determined to have legitimate educational interests.  This includes contractors, consultants, volunteers, or other parties to whom the school has outsourced institutional services or functions, provided that the conditions listed in §99.31(a)(1)(i)(B)(1) – (a)(1)(i)(B)(2) are met. (§99.31(a)(1))

  • To officials of another school where the student seeks or intends to enroll, or where the student is already enrolled if the disclosure is for purposes related to the student’s enrollment or transfer, subject to the requirements of §99.34.  (§99.31(a)(2))

  • To authorized representatives of the U. S. Comptroller General, the U. S. Attorney General, the U.S. Secretary of Education, or State and local educational authorities, such as a State postsecondary authority that is responsible for supervising the university’s State-supported education programs.  Disclosures under this provision may be made, subject to the requirements of §99.35, in connection with an audit or evaluation of Federal- or State-supported education programs, or for the enforcement of or compliance with Federal legal requirements that relate to those programs.  These entities may make further disclosures of PII to outside entities that are designated by them as their authorized representatives to conduct any audit, evaluation, or enforcement or compliance activity on their behalf.  (§§99.31(a)(3) and 99.35)

  • In connection with financial aid for which the student has applied or which the student has received, if the information is necessary to determine eligibility for the aid, determine the amount of the aid, determine the conditions of the aid, or enforce the terms and conditions of the aid.  (§99.31(a)(4))

  • To organizations conducting studies for, or on behalf of, the school, in order to:  (a) develop, validate, or administer predictive tests; (b) administer student aid programs; or (c) improve instruction.  (§99.31(a)(6))

  • To accrediting organizations to carry out their accrediting functions.  ((§99.31(a)(7))

  • To parents of an eligible student if the student is a dependent for IRS tax purposes.  (§99.31(a)(8))

  • To comply with a judicial order or lawfully issued subpoena.  (§99.31(a)(9))

  • To appropriate officials (such as medical, emergency, and public health personnel) in connection with a health or safety emergency, subject to §99.36.  (§99.31(a)(10))

  • Information the school has designated as “directory information” under §99.37.  (§99.31(a)(11))

  • To a victim of an alleged perpetrator of a crime of violence or a non-forcible sex offense, subject to the requirements of §99.39.  The disclosure may only include the final results of the disciplinary proceeding with respect to that alleged crime or offense, regardless of the finding.  (§99.31(a)(13))

  • To the general public, the final results of a disciplinary proceeding, subject to the requirements of §99.39, if the school determines the student is an alleged perpetrator of a crime of violence or non-forcible sex offense and the student has committed a violation of the school’s rules or policies with respect to the allegation made against him or her. (§99.31(a)(14))

  • To parents of a student regarding the student’s violation of any Federal, State, or local law, or of any rule or policy of the school, governing the use or possession of alcohol or a controlled substance if the school determines the student committed a disciplinary violation and the student is under the age of 21. (§99.31(a)(15))